Affordable Access

CREDIBILITY INTERVAL DESIGN FOR COVID19 REPRODUCTION NUMBER FROM NONSMOOTH LANGEVIN-TYPE MONTE CARLO SAMPLING

Authors
  • Artigas, Hugo
  • Pascal, Barbara
  • Fort, Gersende
  • Abry, Patrice
  • Pustelnik, Nelly
Publication Date
Oct 06, 2021
Source
HAL
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Monitoring the Covid19 pandemic is critical to design sanitary policies. Recently, reliable estimates of the pandemic reproduction number were obtained from a nonsmooth convex optimization procedure designed to fit epidemiology requirements and to be robust to the low quality of the data (outliers, pseudoseasonalities,. . .). Applied to daily new infection counts made public by National Health Agencies and centralized at Johns Hopkins University, robust estimates of the reproduction number for 200+ countries are updated and published every day. To further improve estimation procedures and also, and mostly, increase their usability by epidemiologists, the present work exploits the Bayesian paradigm and derives new Monte Carlo methods to sample from a nonsmooth convex a posteriori distribution. These new samplers stem from an original combination of the Langevin Monte Carlo algorithm with Proximal operators. Their relevance and practical efficiency to produce meaningful credibility intervals for the Covid19 reproduction number are assessed, from several indices quantifying the statistics of the Monte Carlo chains, and making use of real daily new infection counts.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times