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Creativity in the Predominantly Inattentive and Combined Presentations of ADHD in Adults.

Authors
  • Girard-Joyal, Olivier1
  • Gauthier, Bruno1
  • 1 University of Montreal, Laval, QC, Canada. , (Canada)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Attention Disorders
Publisher
SAGE Publications
Publication Date
Jul 01, 2022
Volume
26
Issue
9
Pages
1187–1198
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1177/10870547211060547
PMID: 34894845
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Objective: ADHD and its associated inhibition deficits might promote creativity. However, results in the literature are conflicting, possibly due to the heterogeneity of ADHD. To control for this heterogeneity, creativity, and inhibition were investigated in the predominantly inattentive (ADHD-I) and combined (ADHD-C) presentations. Method: Participants were males/females aged 18 to 51, diagnosed with ADHD-I (n = 21), ADHD-C (n = 19), or without ADHD (n = 43). Self-rated Kaufman Domains of Creativity Scale and evaluator-rated figural Torrance Test of Creative Thinking (TTCT) were used for measuring creativity, Stroop task for inhibition, and Conners' Adult ADHD Rating Scales for ADHD symptoms. Results: The ADHD-C group reported higher self-rated creativity than other groups and made more original drawings paired to more abstract titles in the figural TTCT than controls. Conclusion: ADHD-C participants were the most creative. This result was more importantly associated with higher degrees of ADHD symptoms rather than poorer inhibition.

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