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C-Reactive Protein for Prediction or Early Detection of Pre-Eclampsia: A Systematic Review

Authors
  • Hamadeh, Rola
  • Mohsen, Amani
  • Kobeissy, Firas
  • Karouni, Ali
  • Akoum, Hikmat
Type
Published Article
Journal
Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
Apr 26, 2021
Volume
86
Issue
1-2
Pages
13–26
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000515530
PMID: 33902044
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Objective: Pre-eclampsia (PE) is a serious disease of pregnancy and one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality for both the mother and baby. This systematic review aims to detect the role of high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (CRP) in the detection of PE. Methods: Thirty-four articles published between 2001 and 2019 were included in this review. The articles were extracted from OVID Medline and Embase. The study designs of these articles are randomized controlled, cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies evaluating CRP as a marker to predict or early diagnose PE. The quality assessment of these articles is made by the modified Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies 2 tool. Meta-analysis was not done because of clinical and statistical heterogeneity. Results: A positive association between CRP levels and the development of PE was confirmed in 18 studies. This positive effect was addressed in patients with normal BMI (<25 kg/m<sup>2</sup>) in 3 studies and in overweight patients in 2 studies. One study addressed this positive association in patients with a BMI ranging between 28 and 31 kg/m<sup>2</sup>. Three studies determined a cutoff level of CRP above which a significant risk of PE development should be suspected. These levels ranged between 7 and 15 mg/L. Conclusion: CRP is a promising cost-effective biomarker that may be used in the prediction of PE. A CRP level higher than 15 mg/L may suggest initiation of low-dose aspirin in low-risk pregnancies.

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