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COVID-19 pandemic: study on simple, easy, and practical relaxation techniques while wearing medical protective equipment.

Authors
  • Zhang, Huiqin1
  • Li, Aimin2
  • Zhu, Boheng3
  • Niu, Yanyan4
  • Ruan, Zheng5
  • Liu, Lihong6
  • Gao, Xiaoling7
  • Wang, Kun5, 8
  • Yin, Lu9
  • Peng, Mao5
  • Xue, Qing5
  • Leng, Haixia5
  • Min, Baoquan5
  • Tian, Qing10
  • Wang, Chunxue11
  • Yang, Yuan12
  • Zhu, Zhou12
  • Si, Tianmei13
  • Li, Wei14
  • Shangguan, Fangfang15
  • And 9 more
  • 1 Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 2 Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The First Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China. , (China)
  • 3 Department of Psychology, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 4 Department of Orthopedics, Jincheng People's Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Jincheng, China. , (China)
  • 5 Division of Neuropsychiatry and Psychosomatics, Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 6 Department of Neurology, Ningcheng Center Hospital, Ningcheng, Inner Mongolia, China. , (China)
  • 7 Department of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, The Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan, China. , (China)
  • 8 Department of Neurology, Beijing Puren Hospital, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 9 Medical Research & Biometrics Center, Fuwai Hospital, National Center for Cardiovascular Diseases, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 10 Beijing Institute of Brain Disorders, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 11 Department of Neuropsychiatry and Behavioral Neurology and Clinical Psychology Center, Beijing Tiantan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 12 Department of Psychiatry, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China. , (China)
  • 13 Peking University Sixth Hospital, Institute of Mental Health, National Clinical Research Center for Mental Health Disorders & Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Ministry of Health, Peking University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 14 Department of Neurology, The Third People's Hospital of Chengdu, Chengdu, China. , (China)
  • 15 School of Psychology, Capital Normal University, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 16 Department of Neurology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Science, Beijing, China. , (China)
  • 17 Department of Neurology, Jincheng People's Hospital, Shanxi Medical University, Jincheng, China. , (China)
  • 18 Department of Health Sciences, University of Florence, Florence, Italy. , (Italy)
  • 19 Beijing Psychosomatic Disease Consultation Center, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Psychological Medicine
Publisher
Cambridge University Press
Publication Date
Aug 24, 2020
Pages
1–7
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1017/S0033291720003220
PMID: 32829730
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

No studies have reported on how to relieve distress or relax in medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The study aimed to establish which relaxation technique, among six, is the most feasible in first-line medical health workers wearing medical protective equipment. This was a two-step study collecting data with online surveys. Step 1: 15 first-line medical health workers were trained to use six different relaxation techniques and reported the two most feasible techniques while wearing medical protective equipment. Step 2: the most two feasible relaxation techniques revealed by step 1 were quantitatively tested in a sample of 65 medical health workers in terms of efficacy, no space limitation, no time limitation, no body position requirement, no environment limitation to be done, easiness to learn, simplicity, convenience, practicality, and acceptance. Kegel exercise and autogenic relaxation were the most feasible techniques according to step 1. In step 2, Kegel exercise outperformed autogenic relaxation on all the 10 dimensions among the 65 participants while wearing medical protective equipment (efficacy: 24 v. 15, no space limitation: 30 v. 4, no time limitation: 31 v. 4, no body position requirement: 26 v. 4, no environment limitation: 30 v. 11, easiness to learn: 28 v. 5, simplicity: 29 v. 7, convenience: 29 v. 4, practicality: 30 v. 14, acceptance: 32 v. 6). Kegel exercise seems a promising self-relaxation technique for first-line medical health workers while wearing medical protective equipment among COVID-19 pandemic.

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