ObjectiveDetermine extent of impact of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on career choice and employment of pediatricians entering pediatric workforce.MethodsA national, cross-sectional electronic survey of pediatricians registering for the 2021 American Board of Pediatrics initial general certifying examination on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on 3 aspects of career (career choice, employment search, employment offers) was performed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate logistic regression to determine factors associated with the pandemic's impact on career. Thematic analysis was used to generate themes for open-ended survey questions.ResultsOver half (52.3%, 1767 of 3380) of pediatricians responded. Overall, 29.1% reported that the pandemic impacted their career (career choice [10.4%], employment search [15.6%], or employment offers [19.0%]); applicants to general pediatrics (GP) (52.9%) or pediatric hospitalist (PH) positions (49.3%) were most affected. Multivariate logistic regression modeling found those applying to GP (odds ratio [OR]: 3.83, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 2.22-6.60), PH (OR: 9.02, 95% CI: 5.60-14.52), and International Medical Graduates (IMGs) (OR: 1.90; 95% CI: 1.39-2.59) most likely to experience any career impact.ConclusionsAlmost one third of pediatricians registering for the initial general pediatrics certifying examination reported their careers were impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic, with 10% of respondents reporting the pandemic impacted their career choice. Half of new pediatricians seeking employment reported being impacted by the pandemic, particularly IMGs. As the pandemic evolves, career advising will continue to be critical to support trainees in their career choices and employment.