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Covid-19 Pandemic Era: Is It Time To Promote Home Dialysis And Peritoneal Dialysis?

Authors
  • Cozzolino, Mario1
  • Conte, Ferruccio1
  • Zappulo, Fulvia2
  • Ciceri, Paola3
  • Galassi, Andrea1
  • Capelli, Irene2
  • Magnoni, Giacomo2
  • La Manna, Gaetano2
  • 1 University of Milan, Italy , (Italy)
  • 2 University of Bologna, Italy , (Italy)
  • 3 Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Italy , (Italy)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Clinical Kidney Journal
Publisher
Oxford University Press
Publication Date
Feb 02, 2021
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1093/ckj/sfab023
PMCID: PMC7929055
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

The novel coronavirus, called SARS-CoV-2 has been declared a pandemic on March 2020, by the World Health Organization. Older individuals and patients with comorbid conditions such as hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, lung disease, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and immunologic diseases are at higher risk of contracting this severe infection. In particular, patients with advanced CKD constitute a vulnerable population and a challenge in the prevention and control of the disease. Home-based renal replacement therapies offer opportunity to manage patients remotely, thus reducing the likelihood of infection due to direct human interaction. Patients are seen less frequently, limiting the close interaction between patients and healthcare workers who may contract and spread the disease. On the other hand, while home dialysis is reasonable selection at his time due to the advantage of isolation of patients, measures must be assured to implement the program. Despite its logistical benefits, outpatient hemodialysis also presents certain challenges during times of crises such as COVID 19 pandemic and potentially future ones.

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