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COVID-19 infection among healthcare workers: a cross-sectional study in southwest Iran

Authors
  • Sabetian, Golnar1
  • Moghadami, Mohsen1
  • Hashemizadeh Fard Haghighi, Leila1
  • Shahriarirad, Reza1, 1
  • Fallahi, Mohammad Javad1, 1
  • Asmarian, Naeimehossadat1
  • Moeini, Yalda Sadat1
  • 1 Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran , Shiraz (Iran)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Virology Journal
Publisher
Springer (Biomed Central Ltd.)
Publication Date
Mar 17, 2021
Volume
18
Issue
1
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1186/s12985-021-01532-0
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

ObjectiveWith the novel coronavirus pandemic, the impact on the healthcare system and workers cannot be overlooked. However, studies on the infection status of medical personnel are still lacking. It is imperative to ensure the safety of health-care workers (HCWs) not only to safeguard continuous patient care but also to ensure they do not transmit the virus, therefore evaluation of infection rates in these groups are indicated.MethodsDemographic and clinical data regarding infected cases among HCWs of Fars, Iran with positive SARS‐CoV‐2 PCR tests were obtained from 10th March to 17th May 2020.ResultsOur data demonstrated a rate of 5.62% (273 out of 4854 cases) infection among HCW, with a mean age of 35 years and a dominance of female cases (146 cases: 53.5%). The majority of infected cases were among nurses (51.3%), while the most case infection rate (CIR) was among physicians (27 positive cases out of 842 performed test (3.2%)). Also, the highest rate of infection was in the emergency rooms (30.6%). Also, 35.5% of the patients were asymptomatic and the most frequent clinical features among symptomatic patients were myalgia (46%) and cough (45.5%). Although 5.5% were admitted to hospitals, there were no reports of ICU admission. Furthermore, 10.3% of the cases reported transmitting the infection to family and friends. Regarding safety precautions, 1.6% didn't wear masks and 18.7% didn't use gloves in work environments.ConclusionHCWs are among the highest groups at risk of infection during the COVID-19 pandemic; therefore, evaluating infection rates and associated features is necessary to improve and adjust protective measures of these vulnerable, yet highly essential group.

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