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Covalent binding of BP-metabolites to DNA of cultured human hair follicle keratinocytes.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Toxicology
0340-5761
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Volume
57
Issue
1
Pages
6–12
Identifiers
PMID: 4015401
Source
Medline

Abstract

Primary cultures of human hair follicle keratinocytes were established by using a basement membrane-like growth substrate, the bovine eye lens capsule. A method was adapted for the isolation of 3H-benzo(a)pyrene (BP)-modified DNA from the cellular outgrowth of only one hair follicle (approximately 2 X 10(5) cells). In a routine procedure hair follicle keratinocytes were incubated with 0.5 microM 3H-BP for 24 h. The purified DNA was subjected to enzymic hydrolysis and the adducts were analyzed by Sephadex LH-20 column chromatography followed by HPLC. Only one major adduct, which represented 60-80% of the total radioactivity which can be confined to modified nucleosides in the LH-20 chromatograph, could be identified. This adduct co-chromatographed with the marker adducts resulting from the trans-addition of the N-2-amino group of guanine to the 10-position of (+/-)-7 beta,8 alpha-dihydroxy-9 alpha,10 alpha-epoxy-7,8,9,10-tetrahydrobenzo(a)pyrene. Co-incubation with 7,8-benzoflavone (0.3 microM), an inhibitor of cytochrome P-448, and with 1,1,1-trichloropropene-2,3-oxide (0.2 microM), an inhibitor of epoxide hydrolase, resulted in a marked inhibitory effect (15% of the control binding) and a large increase (300% of the control value) in BP-DNA binding respectively. Induction of aryl hydrocarbon hydroxylase activity in the cultures with 5,6-benzoflavone (10 microM) or benz(a)anthracene (10 microM) caused a decrease (75 and 46% of the control value respectively) in BP-DNA binding.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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