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Counteracting in vitro toxicity of the ionophoric mycotoxin beauvericin : synthetic receptors to the rescue

Authors
  • Ornelis, Vincent
  • Rajkovic, Andreja
  • Decleer, Marlies
  • Sas, Benedikt
  • De Saeger, Sarah
  • Madder, Annemieke
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2019
Source
Ghent University Institutional Archive
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

Beauvericin (BEA) and enniatins are toxic ionophoric cyclodepsipeptides that mainly occur in grains. As such, their presence in food commodities poses a concern for public health. To date, despite recent European Food Safety Authority emphasis on the need for more data to evaluate long-term toxicity effects, no suitable affinity reagents are available to detect the presence of BEA and derivatives in food samples. We here report on the synthesis of a small library of artificial receptors with varying cavity sizes and different hydrophobic building blocks. Immobilization of one of the receptors on solid support resulted in a strong retention of beauvericin, thus revealing promising properties as solid-phase extraction material for sample pretreatment. Furthermore, treatment of HepG2 cells with the most promising receptor markedly reduced beauvericin-induced cytotoxicity, hinting toward the possibility of using synthetic receptors as antidotes against ionophoric toxins.

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