Affordable Access

Publisher Website

Cost effectiveness of an intervention focused on reducing bathing disability.

  • Zingmark, Magnus1, 2, 3
  • Nilsson, Ingeborg1, 4
  • Norström, Fredrik5
  • Sahlén, Klas Göran5, 6
  • Lindholm, Lars5
  • 1 Division of Occupational Therapy, Department of Community Medicine and Rehabilitation, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 2 Graduate School in Population Dynamics and Public Policy, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 3 Community Care Administration, Municipality of Östersund, 83182 Östersund, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 4 ALC (Ageing and Living Conditions), Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 5 Epidemiology and Public Health, Umeå University, 90187 Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
  • 6 Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umeå, Sweden. , (Sweden)
Published Article
European journal of ageing
Publication Date
Sep 01, 2017
DOI: 10.1007/s10433-016-0404-1
PMID: 28936134


The onset of bathing disability among older people is critical for a decline in functioning and has implications for both the individuals' quality of life and societal costs. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term cost effectiveness of an intervention targeting bathing disability among older people. For hypothetical cohorts of community-dwelling older people with bathing disability, transitions between states of dependency and death were modelled over 8 years including societal costs. A five-state Markov model based on states of dependency was used to evaluate Quality-adjusted life years (QALYs) and costs from a societal perspective. An intervention group was compared with a no intervention control group. The intervention focused on promoting safe and independent performance of bathing-related tasks. The intervention effect, based on previously published trials, was applied in the model as a 1.4 increased probability of recovery during the first year. Over the full follow-up period, the intervention resulted in QALY gains and reduced societal cost. After 8 years, the intervention resulted in 0.052 QALYs gained and reduced societal costs by €2410 per person. In comparison to the intervention cost, the intervention effect was a more important factor for the magnitude of QALY gains and long-term societal costs. The intervention cost had only minor impact on societal costs. The conclusion was that an intervention targeting bathing disability among older people presents a cost-effective use of resources and leads to both QALY gains and reduced societal costs over 8 years.

Report this publication


Seen <100 times