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Cost Analysis of the Addition of Hyperacute Magnetic Resonance Imaging for Selection of Patients for Endovascular Stroke Therapy

Authors
  • John, Seby
  • Thompson, Nicolas R.
  • Lesko, Terry
  • Papesh, Nancy
  • Obuchowski, Nancy
  • Tomic, Dan
  • Wisco, Dolora
  • Khawaja, Zeshaun
  • Uchino, Ken
  • Man, Shumei
  • Cheng-Ching, Esteban
  • Toth, Gabor
  • Masaryk, Thomas
  • Ruggieri, Paul
  • Modic, Michael
  • Hussain, Muhammad Shazam
Type
Published Article
Journal
Interventional Neurology
Publisher
S. Karger AG
Publication Date
May 05, 2017
Volume
6
Issue
3-4
Pages
183–190
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1159/000472158
PMID: 29118795
PMCID: PMC5662961
Source
Karger
Keywords
License
Green
External links

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Patient selection is important to determine the best candidates for endovascular stroke therapy. In application of a hyperacute magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) protocol for patient selection, we have shown decreased utilization with improved outcomes. A cost analysis comparing the pre- and post-MRI protocol time periods was performed to determine if the previous findings translated into cost opportunities. Materials and Methods: We retrospectively identified individuals considered for endovascular stroke therapy from January 2008 to August 2012 who were ≤8 h from stroke symptoms onset. Patients prior to April 30, 2010 were selected based on results of the computed tomography/computed tomography angiography alone (pre-hyperacute), whereas patients after April 30, 2010 were selected based on results of MRI (post-hyperacute MRI). Demographic, outcome, and financial information was collected. Log-transformed average daily direct costs were regressed on time period. The regression model included demographic and clinical covariates as potential confounders. Multiple imputation was used to account for missing data. Results: We identified 267 patients in our database (88 patients in pre-hyperacute MRI period, 179 in hyperacute MRI protocol period). Patient length of stay was not significantly different in the hyperacute MRI protocol period as compared to the pre-hyperacute MRI period (10.6 vs. 9.9 days, p < 0.42). The median of average daily direct costs was reduced by 24.5% (95% confidence interval 14.1-33.7%, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Use of the hyperacute MRI protocol translated into reduced costs, in addition to reduced utilization and better outcomes. MRI selection of patients is an effective strategy, both for patients and hospital systems.

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