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Cosmic acceleration with cosmological soft phonons in a network of large structures

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Type
Preprint
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Submission Date
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arXiv ID: 1205.3350
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arXiv
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Abstract

The dark energy scalar field is here presented as a mean-field effect arising from the collective motion of interacting structures on an expanding lattice. This cosmological analogue to solid-state soft phonons in an unstable crystal network is shown to produce cosmic acceleration while mimicking phantom equation of state. From an analysis of the Hubble diagram of type Ia supernovae, we present constraints and discussion on the parameters of the cosmic Lagrange chain, as well as on time-variation of the soft phonon equation of state.

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