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Cortisol levels and expression of stress- and apoptotic-related genes in the embryos of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua following exposure to air

  • Marlowe, Christopher
  • Caipang, A.
  • Fagutao, Ferdinand F.
  • Fatira, Effrosyni
  • Lazado, Carlo Cabacang
  • Pavlidis, Michail
Publication Date
Jan 01, 2015
Online Research Database In Technology
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Embryos (morula stage) of Atlantic cod, Gadus morhua L., were collected and subjected to air exposure for 2 min. followed by recovery at ambient conditions in the rearing container. Total immunoreactive cortisol and transcription of selected stress- and apoptosis-related genes of the embryos were determined <br/>before the application of the stressor and at 0.5, 1 and 24 h post-exposure. There was no significant difference in the total cortisol levels of the fertilized eggs before and after handling stress. There was high expression level of hsp70 and sod before application of the stressor and significantly increased at 0.5 h postexposure. The expression levels of cat and gpx were weak to moderate and were not affected by the stressor. The apoptotic genes, mcl1 and NR-13 were highly expressed and significantly increased after exposure to air. <br/>Bcl-X1 and Bcl-X2 were moderately expressed in the control samples, but only the expression level of Bcl-X1significantly increased following exposure to air. Cluster analysis of the different gene expression levels indicated three categories: those genes that did not show any change in the expression levels post-air exposure; those that had low expression level in the control followed by a significant increase after air exposure; and those that had high expression levels in the control followed by a further increase in expression after air <br/>exposure. These results clearly demonstrate that there are potential molecular biomarkers of the response in cod embryos as a consequence of air exposure at a time when cortisol is not fully active

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