Cortical hyperostoses are found to be side effects after therapy in early infancy with prostaglandin E1 and E2. Correlation seems to exist between dosage and duration of therapy. Radiologically the lesions cannot be differentiated from Caffey's disease. Pathogenetic relationship of the two diseases is discussed; 62 cases of newborn children with ductal related vitium cordis, who were treated for a short time or for longer with prostaglandin E2 are demonstrated.
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The corresponding record at NLM can be accessed at https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6369389