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Correlations and sum rules in a half-space for a quantum two-dimensional one-component plasma

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DOI: 10.1088/1742-5468/2007/05/P05009
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This paper is the continuation of a previous one [L. {\v{S}}amaj and B. Jancovici, 2007 {\it J. Stat. Mech.} P02002]; for a nearly classical quantum fluid in a half-space bounded by a plain plane hard wall (no image forces), we had generalized the Wigner-Kirkwood expansion of the equilibrium statistical quantities in powers of Planck's constant $\hbar$. As a model system for a more detailed study, we consider the quantum two-dimensional one-component plasma: a system of charged particles of one species, interacting through the logarithmic Coulomb potential in two dimensions, in a uniformly charged background of opposite sign, such that the total charge vanishes. The corresponding classical system is exactly solvable in a variety of geometries, including the present one of a half-plane, when $\beta e^2=2$, where $\beta$ is the inverse temperature and $e$ is the charge of a particle: all the classical $n$-body densities are known. For the quantum one-component plasma, two sum rules involving the truncated two-body density (and, for one of them, the density profile) have been derived, a long time ago, by heuristic macroscopic arguments: one sum rule is about the asymptotic form along the wall of the truncated two-body density, the other one is about the dipole moment of the structure factor. In the two-dimensional case at $\beta e^2=2$, we have now explicit expressions up to order $\hbar^2$ of these two quantum densities, thus we can microscopically check the sum rules at this order. The checks are positive, reinforcing the idea that the sum rules are correct.


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