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Correlation of Wnt-2 expression and beta-catenin intracellular accumulation in Chinese gastric cancers: relevance with tumour dissemination.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Cancer Letters
0304-3835
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Volume
223
Issue
2
Pages
339–347
Identifiers
PMID: 15896469
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Wnt/beta-catenin signalling pathway is integrally associated with human tumour development and progression. Aberrant beta-catenin intracellular distribution has been found in gastric cancer, but the pattern of Wnt expression in stepwise gastrocarcinogenesis and its potential influence in beta-catenin distribution are still lesser known. By the methods of frozen tissue array-based immunohistochemistry, Western blot analysis and RT-PCR, a paralleled study was conducted to check Wnt2 expression and beta-catenin intracellular distribution in two major subtypes of gastric cancers (intestinal gastric cancer, i-GC and diffuse gastric cancer, d-GC) and their premalignant (intestinal metaplasia, IM and chronic gastritis, CG) and noncancerous counterparts. According to the results obtained and the clinical data collected, correlation of Wnt2 expression with beta-catenin translocalisation and their links with tumour dissemination were elucidated. The results demonstrated (1) that Wnt2 expression and cytoplasmic/nuclear beta-catenin accumulations appeared in most gastric cancers irrespective to their morphological phenotypes, (2) that over-expressed Wnt and nuclear translocalisation of beta-catenin were found in 68 and 58% of i-GCs and in 47 and 47% of d-GCs in a closely related pattern (P<0.01) and (3) that co-existence of Wnt2 up-regulation/beta-catenin nuclear translocalisation were positively associated with lymph node metastasis (P<0.05) as well as T-stage. These data indicate that Wnt/beta-catenin signalling pathway is activated in most of gastric cancers, which may play pivotal roles either in gastric cancer formation or in tumour invasion and dissemination.

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