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Coronary artery disease associated specific modules and feature genes revealed by integrative methods of WGCNA, MetaDE and machine learning.

Authors
  • Wang, Yan1
  • Liu, Tao2
  • Liu, Yan3
  • Chen, Jun4
  • Xin, Benqiang3
  • Wu, Maoyuan3
  • Cui, Weigang3
  • 1 Department of Internal Medicine-Cardiovascular, Rizhao People's Hospital, Rizhao, Shandong 276826, China. Electronic address: [email protected] , (China)
  • 2 Department of Respiratory, Rizhao People's Hospital, Rizhao, Shandong 276826, China. , (China)
  • 3 Department of Internal Medicine-Cardiovascular, Rizhao People's Hospital, Rizhao, Shandong 276826, China. , (China)
  • 4 Department of Medical Image, Rizhao City Tuberculosis Control Institute, Rizhao, Shandong 276800, China. , (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Gene
Publication Date
Aug 20, 2019
Volume
710
Pages
122–130
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.gene.2019.05.010
PMID: 31075415
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the most common causes of morbidity and mortality globally. This work aimed to investigate the specific modules and feature genes associated with CAD. Three microarray datasets were downloaded from the Gene Expression Omnibus database, which included CAD and healthy samples. WGCNA was applied to identify highly preserved modules across the three datasets. MetaDE method was used to select differentially expressed genes (DEGs) with significant consistency. Protein-protein interaction (PPI) network was constructed using the overlapping genes amongst the DEGs with significant consistency and in the preserved modules. Moreover, a combined machine learning of support vector machine and recursive feature elimination was used to further investigate the feature genes and pathways. Nine highly preserved modules were detected in the WGCNA network, and 961 DEGs with significant consistency across the three datasets were selected using the metaDE method. A PPI network was constructed with the 158 overlapping genes. Ten genes were found to be involved in these KEGG pathways directly, including genes CD22, CD79B, CD81, CR1, IKBKE, MAP3K3, MAPK14, MMP9, NCF4, and SPP1. The present work might provide novel insight into the underlying molecular mechanism of CAD. Copyright © 2019. Published by Elsevier B.V.

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