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Coordination of tRNA transcription with export at nuclear pore complexes in budding yeast.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Genes & Development
0890-9369
Publisher
Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory
Publication Date
Volume
28
Issue
9
Pages
959–970
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1101/gad.236729.113
PMID: 24788517
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Los1 Exportin
  • Rna Polymerase Iii
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cohesin
  • Nuclear Pore Complex
  • Trna Gene

Abstract

tRNAs are encoded by RNA polymerase III-transcribed genes that reside at seemingly random intervals along the chromosomes of budding yeast. Existing evidence suggests that the genes congregate together at the nucleolus and/or centromeres. In this study, we re-examined spatial and temporal aspects of tRNA gene (tDNA) expression. We show that tDNA transcription fluctuates during cell cycle progression. In M phase, when tRNA synthesis peaks, tDNAs localize at nuclear pore complexes (NPCs). Docking of a tDNA requires the DNA sequence of the contacted gene, nucleoporins Nup60 and Nup2, and cohesin. Characterization of mutants that block NPC localization revealed that docking is a consequence of elevated tDNA transcription. NPC-tDNA contact falters in the absence of the principal exportin of nascent tRNA, Los1, and genetic assays indicate that gating of tDNAs at NPCs favors cytoplasmic accumulation of functional tRNA. Collectively, the data suggest that tDNAs associate with NPCs to coordinate RNA polymerase III transcription with the nuclear export of pre-tRNA. The M-phase specificity of NPC contact reflects a regulatory mechanism that may have evolved, in part, to avoid collisions between DNA replication forks and transcribing RNA polymerase III machinery at NPCs.

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