Treatment of Caco-2 cells with the antioxidants quercetin or t-butylhydroquinone led to induced protein levels of UDP-glucuronosyltransferase UGT1A6 (ca. 3-fold over controls) and of the apical conjugate export pump multidrug resistance protein 2 (MRP2; 1.9-fold over controls). In contrast to UGT1A6, MRP2 (symbol ABCC2) was not inducible by 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin. Immunocytochemistry demonstrated that MRP2 was only expressed at the brush border domain of Caco-2 cell monolayers. The results indicate that UGT1A6 and MRP2 are coordinately induced by antioxidants, facilitating chemoprotection against phenolic toxins and excretion of conjugates into the intestinal lumen.