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Cooperation of DLC1 and CDK6 affects breast cancer clinical outcome.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
G3 Genes|Genome|Genetics
2160-1836
Publisher
The Genetics Society of America
Publication Date
Volume
5
Issue
1
Pages
81–91
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1534/g3.114.014894
PMID: 25425654
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

Low DLC1 expression is found to frequently co-occur with aberrant expression of cell cycle genes including CDK6 in human lung and colon cancer. Here, we explore the influence of the synergistic effect of DLC1 and CDK6 on human breast cancer survival at the genetic, transcriptional, and translational levels. We found that high DLC1 and low CDK6 expression are associated with good prognosis. The DLC1 intronic SNP rs561681 is found to fit a recessive model, complying with the tumor suppressive role of DLC1. The heterozygote of the DLC1 SNP is found to increase the hazard when the CDK6 intronic SNP rs3731343 is rare homozygous, and it becomes protective when rs3731343 is common homozygous. We propose that DLC1 expression is the lowest in patients harboring the rare homozygote of rs561681 and functional DLC1 is the lowest when rs561681 is heterozygous and rs3731343 is rare homozygous. We are the first to report such synergistic effects of DLC1 and CDK6 on breast cancer survival at the transcriptional level, the overdominant model fitted by the SNP pair, and the dominant negative effect at the translational level. These findings link the germline genetic polymorphisms and synergistic effect of DLC1 and CDK6 with breast cancer progression, which provide the basis for experimentally elucidating the mechanisms driving differential tumor progression and avail in tailoring the clinical treatments for such patients based on their genetic susceptibility.

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