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Controlling Ambipolar Charge Transport in Isoindigo-Based Conjugated Polymers by Altering Fluorine Substitution Position for High-Performance Organic Field-Effect Transistors

  • Kim, Minjun
  • Park, Won-Tae
  • Park, Sang Ah
  • Park, Cheol Woong
  • Ryu, Seung Un
  • Lee, DaeHwan
  • Noh, Yong-Young
Publication Date
Mar 07, 2019
[email protected]
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A molecular design strategy to achieve highly balanced ambipolar charge transport for donor-acceptor (D-A) isoindigo (IIG)-based copolymer through systematic selection of fluorination positions is reported. To study fluorine substitution site effects on electronic and structural properties, two fluorinated IIG-based copolymers (PIIG-iFT2 and PIIG-oFT2) are synthesized, which contain two fluorine atoms at the bithiophene (T2) inner and outer site and compare them with a nonfluorinated copolymer of IIG and T2 (PIIG-T2) as the reference polymer. Fluorination at the outer site of T2 in PIIG-oFT2 polymer effectively lowers molecular energy levels and increases molecular planarity more than fluorination at the T2 inner site. PIIG-oFT2 organic field-effect transistors show highly balanced ambipolar mobility, hole mobility (mu(h))/electron mobility (mu(e)) = 1 by increasing electron mobility, whereas PIIG-T2 (mu(h)/mu(e) = 9.0) and PIIG-iFT2 (mu(h)/mu(e) = 2.4) exhibit unbalanced ambipolar transport. The ambipolar complementary-like inverter is also demonstrated by simple one-time coating of PIIG-oFT2 with gain = 21. / 1 / N

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