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Control of cell survival and proliferation of postnatal PSA-NCAM(+) progenitors.

Authors
  • Gago, Nathalie
  • Avellana-Adalid, Virginia
  • Baron-Van Evercooren, Anne
  • Schumacher, Michael
Type
Published Article
Journal
Molecular and cellular neurosciences
Publication Date
Feb 01, 2003
Volume
22
Issue
2
Pages
162–178
Identifiers
PMID: 12676527
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

In the present work, we studied the effects of several growth factors on survival and proliferation of freshly isolated neural progenitors expressing the polysialylated form of neural cell adhesion molecule (PSA-NCAM). Cells were obtained from postnatal day 2 rat forebrain, using isolation method. We found that (1) insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) exerts a powerful survival effect by inhibiting apoptotic cell death, (2) epidermal growth factor (EGF) strongly increases cell proliferation, (3) the combination of IGF-1 plus EGF promotes cellular expansion, (4) basic fibroblast growth factor displays only a weak mitogenic effect, and (5) platelet-derived growth factor-AA (PDGF-AA) has no effect on cell survival and proliferation. These results suggest that the postnatal PSA-NCAM(+) progenitors characterized in the present work may represent a transitional stage, between the embryonic EGF-responsive neural progenitors and the postnatal PSA-NCAM(+) progenitors already described that are PDGF-responsive. For these "early PSA-NCAM(+) progenitors," insulin-like growth factor 1 and EGF seem to play a pivotal role in the control of cell death and cell proliferation.

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