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Contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging for intestinal lymphoma

Authors
  • Cui, Ning-Yi
  • Gong, Xuan-Tong
  • Tian, Yan-Tao
  • Wang, Yong
  • Zhang, Rui
  • Liu, Meng-Jia
  • Han, Jie
  • Wang, Bo
  • Yang, Di
Type
Published Article
Journal
World Journal of Gastroenterology
Publisher
Baishideng Publishing Group Inc
Publication Date
Aug 28, 2021
Volume
27
Issue
32
Pages
5438–5447
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v27.i32.5438
PMID: 34539143
PMCID: PMC8409164
Source
PubMed Central
Keywords
Disciplines
  • Retrospective Study
License
Unknown

Abstract

BACKGROUND Intestinal lymphoma is a rare tumor. Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) findings of intestinal lymphoma have not been reported previously, and the relationship between CEUS and clinicopathological features and prognostic factors is still unknown. AIM To describe the B-mode US and CEUS features of intestinal lymphoma and investigate the correlation of CEUS and histopathological features. METHODS This was a single-center retrospective study. Eighteen patients with histologically confirmed intestinal lymphoma underwent B-mode US and CEUS examinations between October 2016 and November 2019. We summarized the features of B-mode US and CUES imaging of intestinal lymphoma and compared the frequency of tumor necrosis in intestinal lymphomas with reference to different pathological subtypes (aggressive or indolent) and clinical stage (early or advanced). The time–intensity curve parameters of CEUS were also compared between patients with normal and elevated serum lactate dehydrogenase. RESULTS In B-mode imaging, four patterns were observed in intestinal lymphoma: Mass type (12/18, 66.7%), infiltration type (1/18, 5.6%), mesentery type (4/18, 22.2%) and mixed type (1/18, 5.6%). All cases were hypoechoic and no cystic areas were detected. On CEUS, most cases (17/18, 94.4%) showed arterial hyperechoic enhancement. All cases showed arterial enhancement followed by venous wash out. A relatively high rate of tumor necrosis (11/18, 61.1%) was observed in this study. Tumor necrosis on CEUS was more frequent in aggressive subtypes (10/13, 76.9%) than in indolent subtypes (1/5, 20.0%) ( P = 0.047). There were no correlations between tumor necrosis and lesion size and Ann Arbor stage. There was no significant difference in time–intensity curve parameters between normal and elevated lactate dehydrogenase groups. CONCLUSION B-mode US and CEUS findings of intestinal lymphoma are characteristic. We observed a high rate of tumor necrosis, which appeared more frequently in aggressive pathological subtypes of intestinal lymphoma.

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