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Continuous separation of protein loaded nanoparticles by simulated moving bed chromatography.

Authors
  • Satzer, Peter1
  • Wellhoefer, Martin2
  • Jungbauer, Alois3
  • 1 Department of Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria. , (Austria)
  • 2 Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB), Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria. , (Austria)
  • 3 Department of Biotechnology, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences, Vienna (BOKU), Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria; Austrian Centre of Industrial Biotechnology (ACIB), Muthgasse 18, 1190 Vienna, Austria. Electronic address: [email protected] , (Austria)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of chromatography. A
Publication Date
Jul 04, 2014
Volume
1349
Pages
44–49
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.chroma.2014.04.093
PMID: 24866563
Source
Medline
Keywords
License
Unknown

Abstract

For scale up and efficient production of protein loaded nanoparticles continuous separation by size exclusion chromatography in simulated moving bed (SMB) mode helps do reduce unbound protein concentration and increase yields for perfectly covered particles. Silica nanoparticles were loaded with an excess of beta casein or bovine serum albumin (BSA) and the loaded particles purified by size exclusion chromatography using Sephacryl300 as stationary phase in a four zone SMB. We determined our working points for the SMB from batch separations and the triangle theory described by Mazzotti et al. with an SMB setup of one Sephacryl300 26/70mm column per zone with switch times of 5min for BSA and 7min for beta casein. In the case of BSA the Raffinate contained loaded nanoparticles of 63% purity with 98% recovery and the extract was essentially particle free (95% purity). We showed that the low purity of the Raffinate was only due to BSA multimers present in the used protein solution. In the case of beta casein where no multimers are present we achieved 89% purity and 90% recovery of loaded nanoparticles in the Raffinate and an extract free of particles (92% purity). Using a tangential flow filtration unit with 5kDa cutoff membrane we proved that the extract can be concentrated for recycling of protein and buffer. The calculated space-time-yield for loaded nanoparticles was 0.25g of loaded nanoparticles per hour and liter of used resin. This proves that the presented process is suitable for large scale production for industrial purposes.

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