Acute renal failure (ARF) is a very common condition that may occur in patients with major burn injuries. The majority of burn patients with ARF have a high mortality rate, ranging from 73% to 100%. There are several ways to treat ARF in burn patients, including peritoneal dialysis (PD), intermittent hemodialysis, and continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT). CRRT is generally used in patients in whom intermittent hemodialysis has failed to control hypovolemia, as well as in patients who cannot tolerate intermittent hemodialysis. Additionally, PD is not suitable for patients with burns within the abdominal area. For these reasons, most patients with unstable hemodynamic conditions receive CRRT. In this study (conducted in our burn unit between 1997 and 2004), six burn patients received CRRT: three received continuous arteriovenous hemodialysis (CAVHD) and the other three received continuous venovenous hemofiltration (CVVH). The patients were all males, with a mean age of 49.8 years (range, 27-80 years), and a mean burnt surface area of 65.1% (range, 30-95%). Four patients died due to multiple organ failure, and two patients recovered from severe ARF. CRRT has been proven safe and useful for burn patients with ARF. According to this study, we conclude that CVVH is an appropriate tool for treating ARF, with a lower incidence of vascular complications than CAVHD.