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Contextuality for preparations, transformations, and unsharp measurements

Authors
  • Spekkens, R. W.
Type
Published Article
Publication Date
Mar 18, 2005
Submission Date
Jun 23, 2004
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.71.052108
arXiv ID: quant-ph/0406166
Source
arXiv
License
Unknown
External links

Abstract

An operational definition of contextuality is introduced which generalizes the standard notion in three ways: (1) it applies to arbitrary operational theories rather than just quantum theory, (2) it applies to arbitrary experimental procedures, rather than just sharp measurements, and (3) it applies to a broad class of ontological models of quantum theory, rather than just deterministic hidden variable models. We derive three no-go theorems for ontological models, each based on an assumption of noncontextuality for a different sort of experimental procedure; one for preparation procedures, another for unsharp measurement procedures (that is, measurement procedures associated with positive-operator valued measures), and a third for transformation procedures. All three proofs apply to two-dimensional Hilbert spaces, and are therefore stronger than traditional proofs of contextuality.

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