Affordable Access

Content and synthesis of glycolytic enzymes and creatine kinase in skeletal muscles and normal and dystrophic chickens.

Authors
  • Petell, J K
  • Lebherz, H G
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of biochemistry and biophysics
Publication Date
Feb 15, 1985
Volume
237
Issue
1
Pages
271–280
Identifiers
PMID: 3970544
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A number of workers have reported that avian muscular dystrophy causes alterations in the levels of certain enzyme activities in "fast-twitch" muscle fibers but has little effect on enzyme activities in "slow-twitch" muscle fibers. In the present work, the effects of this disease on the content and relative rates of synthesis of a number of glycolytic enzymes and the skeletal muscle-specific MM isoenzyme of creatine kinase in chicken muscles was investigated. It was shown that (i) the approximate 50% reductions in steady-state concentrations of three glycolytic enzymes (aldolase, enolase, and glyceraldehyde-3-P dehydrogenase) in dystrophic breast (fast-twitch) muscle result predominantly from decreases in relative rates of synthesis, rather than accelerations in relative rates of degradation, of these proteins in the diseased tissue; (ii) in contrast to the situation with the glycolytic enzymes, muscular dystrophy has only minor effects (25% or less) on the content and relative rate of synthesis of MM creatine kinase in breast muscle fibers; (iii) the muscular dystrophy-associated alterations in content and synthesis of the glycolytic enzymes in breast muscle fibers become apparent only during postembryonic maturation of this tissue; and (iv) as expected, muscular dystrophy has no significant effect on the content or relative rates of synthesis of glycolytic enzymes in slow-twitch lateral adductor muscles of the chicken. These results are discussed in terms of the apparent similarities between the effects of muscular dystrophy and surgical denervation on the protein synthetic programs expressed by mature fast-twitch muscle fibers.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times