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Construction of a thermotolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain for bioethanol production with reduced fermentation time and saccharifying enzyme dose.

Authors
  • Lim, Ji Sung
  • Jang, You Ri
  • Lim, Young Hoon
  • Kim, Keun
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of microbiology and biotechnology
Publication Date
Oct 01, 2012
Volume
22
Issue
10
Pages
1401–1405
Identifiers
PMID: 23075792
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A thermotolerant Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutant strain, TT6, was constructed after multi-parental hybridization of five mutant strains obtained by UV or NTG treatment of the original strain, S. cerevisiae KV1. When incubated at 40 degrees C in YPD broth, TT6 began to grow exponentially in 10 h, but KV1 did not show any noticeable growth even after 22 h. The thermotolerant growth of TT6 was confirmed by serial dilution assay at 42 degrees C; TT6 grew at a cell concentration (10(-5)) 10,000 times lower than that of KV1 (10(-1)). Whereas ethanol production from YP containing 23%; (w/v) glucose by KV1 decreased with increasing temperature from 30 degrees C to 36 degrees C, ethanol production by TT6 did not decrease at temperatures up to 37 degrees C. When TT6 was tested for ethanol production at 36 degrees C by simultaneous saccharification and fermentation (SSF) from 23% corn, 24 h of fermentation time or 50% of the glucoamylase dose was saved when compared with KV1 at 30 degrees C. The ethanol yield from corn by SSF with TT6 at 36 degrees C was 91.7% of the theoretical yield, whereas that of KV1 at 30 degrees C was 90.6%.

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