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Constructing Ethnic Identity in Transylvania through Humour

Authors
  • Tudor, Noémi1
  • 1 Department of Theoretical and Applied Linguistics, Romania , (Romania)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica
Publisher
Sciendo
Publication Date
Nov 01, 2020
Volume
12
Issue
2
Pages
144–163
Identifiers
DOI: 10.2478/ausp-2020-0018
Source
De Gruyter
Keywords
License
Green

Abstract

In this paper, I put forward a comparative/contrastive analysis of ethnic identity on the basis of humorous texts about Romanians and Hungarians living in Romania within the framework of the Script-Based Semantic Theory of Humour (SSTH). The corpus contains fifty jokes taken from websites and social media, books and recordings in which the Romanians are at the centre and the Hungarians are the butt and vice versa. The overall purpose of the study is to illustrate the main topics and stereotypes used in ethnic jokes. In this research, I will show that Romanians and Hungarians joke about similar topics, the most common ones being the “ownership” of Transylvania, rejection of the other, and language distortion but also friendship among Hungarians and Romanians. I also conclude that stereotypes can be attributed to one ethnic group, but there are also shared stereotypes, and some of them can switch from one group to the other depending on the perspective.

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