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Constraints on jet-driven disk accretion in Sagittarius A*

  • Jolley, Erin J. D.
  • Kuncic, Zdenka
Publication Date
Nov 28, 2007
Submission Date
Nov 28, 2007
DOI: 10.1086/527312
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We revisit theoretical and observational constraints on geometrically-thin disk accretion in Sagittarius A* (Sgr A*). We show that the combined effects of mass outflows and electron energization in the hot part of the accretion flow can deflate the inflowing gas from a geometrically-thick structure. This allows the gas to cool and even thermalize on an inflow timescale. As a result, a compact, relatively cool disk may form at small radii. We show that magnetic coupling between the relativistic disk and a steady-state jet results in a disk that is less luminous than a standard relativistic disk accreting at the same rate. This relaxes the observational constraints on thin-disk accretion in Sgr A* (and by implication, other Low-Luminosity Active Galactic Nulcei, LLAGN). We find typical cold gas accretion rates of a few * 10^{-9} solar masses / yr. We also find that the predicted modified disk emission is compatible with existing near-infrared (NIR) observations of Sgr A* in its quiescent state provided that the disk inclination angle is > 87 degrees and that the jet extracts more than 75% of the accretion power.

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