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Constituents of an extract of Cryptocarya rubra housed in a repository with cytotoxic and glucose transport inhibitory effects.

Authors
  • Ren, Yulin
  • Yuan, Chunhua
  • Qian, Yanrong
  • Chai, Hee-Byung
  • Chen, Xiaozhuo
  • Goetz, Michael
  • Kinghorn, A Douglas
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Natural Products
Publisher
American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Mar 28, 2014
Volume
77
Issue
3
Pages
550–556
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1021/np400809w
PMID: 24344605
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

A new alkylated chalcone (1), a new 1,16-hexadecanediol diester (2), and eight known compounds were isolated from a dichloromethane-soluble repository extract of the leaves and twigs of Cryptocarya rubra collected in Hawaii. The structures of the new compounds were determined by interpretation of their spectroscopic data, and the absolute configurations of the two known cryptocaryanone-type flavonoid dimers, (+)-bicaryanone A (3) and (+)-chalcocaryanone C (4), were ascertained by analysis of their electronic circular dichroism and NOESY NMR spectra. All compounds isolated were evaluated against HT-29 human colon cancer cells, and, of these, (+)-cryptocaryone (5) was found to be potently cytotoxic toward this cancer cell line, with an IC50 value of 0.32 μM. This compound also exhibited glucose transport inhibitory activity when tested in a glucose uptake assay.

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