The content of delusions were studied in a group of schizophrenics and affective disorder patients who had an episodic course to ascertain if the content of delusions remained similar or became dissimilar during different episodes. There were 18 schizophrenics and 30 affective disorder cases in this study. Consistency of delusional content was noted in one third of the cases in each group. Delusional content was consistent over episodes more often in Hindus (P less than 0.04), those married (P less than 0.03), and those from a rural background in the schizophrenic group. These differences were not observed in the affective disorder cases. Possible reasons for the consistence or non-consistence of delusional content are discussed.