The conformation of oxytocin, the neurohypophyseal nonapeptide hormone, in solution in deuterated dimethyl sulfoxide has been determined by 1H-nmr. The structural determination is based on the experimental data set of nuclear Overhauser effect restraints. Obtained after the restrained molecular dynamics simulation on an initial structure of extended conformation, five resultant structures satisfy the experimental restraints well. These structures resemble that of the crystal structure of deamino-oxytocin, an analogue of oxytocin, in terms of a close correlation observed both at two beta-turn regions of the 20-membered tocin ring and at the tripeptide tail end. Based on this comparison and analysis of restrained molecular dynamics trajectories, we found that, although the turns are stabilized by the formation of hydrogen bonds, the oxytocin molecule possesses a slight twist in DMSO solution relative to the orientation of deamino-oxytocin in the crystalline state. Analyses of oxytocin conformation indicate that the tripeptide tail is more flexible than the tocin ring.