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Conformational interchange of a carbohydrate by mechanical compression at the air-water interface.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics
1463-9084
Publisher
The Royal Society of Chemistry
Publication Date
Volume
16
Issue
22
Pages
10286–10294
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1039/c3cp55078h
PMID: 24569595
Source
Medline

Abstract

Methyl xylopyranoside containing three 4-(pyrene-1-yl)benzoyl groups (PyXy) undergoes conformational interchange within a Langmuir monolayer upon mechanical compression. This xylose-type molecular machine PyXy was immobilized within two different matrix lipids, methyl stearate and methyl 2,3,4-tri-O-stearoyl-β-D-xylopyranoside, which respectively form rigid and soft monolayers. Structural properties of the monolayer were characterized by assessing the compressibility, compression modulus, and ideal limiting molecular area of PyXy, all of which were estimated from the π-A isotherm measurements. Only the rigid monolayer exhibited a transition to the condensed phase with a limiting molecular area of PyXy smaller than that of the cross-sectional area of the xylopyranose ring in its C1 chair conformation. This suggests conformational interchange of PyXy from the most stable (4)C1 (C1) form to the metastable (1)C4 (1C) form. Surface-reflective fluorescence spectroscopy of the monolayer was applied to detect excimer emission resulting from the face-to-face dimerization of pyrenes attached at the O-2 and O-4 positions of xylose. Fluorescence intensity of the excimer increased abruptly in the condensed region only when the rigid monolayer was applied. These results indicate that the rigidity of the matrix monolayer is a critical aspect of the precise manipulation of molecular machines at interfaces. Consequently, this study demonstrates that including a molecular machine into a rigid lipid matrix is a promising means for the preparation of a novel nanoassembly with dynamic functionalities variable depending on a mechanical stimulus.

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