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Conformational control in the cyclization of hydrogen-bonded supramolecular polymers.

Authors
  • ten Cate, A Tessa
  • Kooijman, Huub
  • Spek, Anthony L
  • Sijbesma, Rint P
  • Meijer, E W
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Publication Date
Mar 31, 2004
Volume
126
Issue
12
Pages
3801–3808
Identifiers
PMID: 15038734
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Bifunctional 2-ureido-4[1H]-pyrimidinone (UPy) derivatives can form small cyclic oligomers as well as long supramolecular polymers in chloroform solutions using the quadruple hydrogen-bonding motif. Ring-chain equilibria of a set of supramolecular monomers containing methyl-substituted alkyl linkers between the hydrogen-bonding UPy moieties were investigated by (1)H NMR spectroscopy and viscometry. The data were characterized in terms of critical concentration (CC, denoting the onset of polymerization) and equilibrium cyclic dimer concentration (EDC, representing preorganization of the monomer toward selective formation of cyclic dimer). Methyl substituents in the monomer were found to promote conformations favorable for cyclic dimerization, leading to an increase in both the EDC and the CC with respect to unsubstituted monomer. Furthermore, we observed an odd-even effect in the CC and EDC with increasing length of the linker between the hydrogen-bonding units. The combined results allow tuning of the critical concentration over a broad range and offer detailed information on the correlation between monomer structure, conformation, and polymerizability which may provide new insights for the study and design of other ring-chain equilibria or helix-random coil transitions.

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