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Conductivity Sensors Based System Development and Application to Investigate the Interfacial Behaviour between Supersonic Steam Jet and Water

  • Khan, Afrasyab1
  • Sanaullah, Khairuddin2
  • Spiridonov, E. K.1
  • Podzerko, A. V.1
  • Khabarova, D. F.1
  • Ali, Ahmad Hasan1
  • Farooqi, Ahmed Salam3, 4
  • Zwawi, Mohammed5
  • Algarni, Mohammed5
  • Felemban, Bassem F.6
  • Bahadar, Ali7
  • Ullah, Atta8
  • Abdullah, Bawadi9, 10
  • 1 Polytechnic Institute of South Ural State University (National Research University), Chelyabinsk, 454080, Russia , Chelyabinsk (Russia)
  • 2 Department for Management of Science and Technology Development, Faculty of Applied Sciences, Ton DucThang University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam , Ho Chi Minh City (Vietnam)
  • 3 Department of Chemical Engineering, University Technology Petronas, Bandar Seri Iskandar, Perak, 32610, Malaysia , Perak (Malaysia)
  • 4 Department of Chemical Engineering, Wah Engineering College, University of Wah, WahCantt, Punjab, 47040, Pakistan , Punjab (Pakistan)
  • 5 Department of Mechanical Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia , Rabigh (Saudi Arabia)
  • 6 Mechanical Engineering Department, Taif University, Taif, 26571, Saudi Arabia , Taif (Saudi Arabia)
  • 7 Department of Chemical and Materials Engineering, King Abdulaziz University, Rabigh, 21911, Saudi Arabia , Rabigh (Saudi Arabia)
  • 8 Department of Chemical Engineering, Pakistan Institute of Engineering and Applied Sciences (PIEAS), Nilor, Islamabad, Pakistan , Nilor (Pakistan)
  • 9 Chemical Engineering Department, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, 32610, Malaysia , Seri Iskandar (Malaysia)
  • 10 CCentre of Contaminant Control and Utilization (CenCoU), Institute of Contaminant Management for Oil and Gas, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS, Seri Iskandar, 32610, Malaysia , Seri Iskandar (Malaysia)
Published Article
Instruments and Experimental Techniques
Pleiades Publishing
Publication Date
Jul 27, 2021
DOI: 10.1134/S0020441221040126
Springer Nature
  • Laboratory Techniques


AbstractThis study is an effort to comprehend the description of the vapour-liquid flows associated with the transformation of the phase, which may assist in determining mass, momentum and energy transfer within the interfacial region containing the steam and water. This study describes the development of a void fraction measurement sensory system, which is based on AC based electrodes, referred scientifically as Electrical Resistance Tomography (ERT) system. ERT sensors based system was applied to emphasize the phenomenon involving supersonic steam injection into a column of water. Data acquisition system supporting the ERT technique was applied for the given time interval and the acquired data was processed by using a free code known as EIDORS. Images thus obtained by use of EIDORS provided a planar picture of supersonic steam jet surrounding by the water in a vessel. Images represent the broadly visible boundaries among steam and water phases, and the turbulent interface between them. It has been found that with rising temperature 30–60°C, the area under the effect of the steam jet has been increased from 46.51–65.40% at 3.0 bar of steam’s inlet pressure.

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