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Computer simulation of haemodynamic parameters changes with left ventricle assist device and mechanical ventilation.

Authors
  • De Lazzari, C
  • Darowski, M
  • Ferrari, G
  • Clemente, F
  • Guaragno, M
Type
Published Article
Journal
Computers in biology and medicine
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2000
Volume
30
Issue
2
Pages
55–69
Identifiers
PMID: 10714442
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Left Ventricular Assist Device is used for recovery in patients with heart failure and is supposed to increase total cardiac output, systemic arterial pressure and to decrease left atrial pressure. Aim of our computer simulation was to assess the influence of Left Ventricular Assist Device (LVAD) on chosen haemodynamic parameters in the presence of ventilatory support. The software package used for this simulation reproduces, in stationary conditions, the heart and the circulatory system in terms of pressure and volume relationships. Different circulatory sections (left and right heart, systemic and pulmonary arterial circulation, systemic and pulmonary venous circulation) are described by lumped parameter models. Mechanical properties of each section are modelled by RLC elements. The model chosen for the representation of the Starling's law of the heart for each ventricle is based on the variable elastance model. The LVAD model is inserted between the left atrium and the aorta. The contractility of the heart and systemic arterial resistance were adjusted to model pathological states. Our simulation showed that positive thoracic pressure generated by mechanical ventilation of the lungs dramatically changes left atrial and pulmonary arterial pressures and should be considered when assessing LVAD effectiveness. Pathological changes of systemic arterial resistance may have a considerable effect on these parameters, especially when LVAD is applied simultaneously with mechanical ventilation. Cardiac output, systemic arterial and right atrial pressures are less affected by changes of thoracic pressure in cases of heart pathology.

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