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Computer aided diagnosis of epilepsy lesions based on multivariate and multimodality data analysis

  • El Azami, M.
Publication Date
Sep 23, 2016
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One third of patients suffering from epilepsy are resistant to medication. For these patients, surgical removal of the epileptogenic zone offers the possibility of a cure. Surgery success relies heavily on the accurate localization of the epileptogenic zone. The analysis of neuroimaging data such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) is increasingly used in the pre-surgical work-up of patients and may offer an alternative to the invasive reference of Stereo-electro-encephalo -graphy (SEEG) monitoring. To assist clinicians in screening these lesions, we developed a computer aided diagnosis system (CAD) based on a multivariate data analysis approach. Our first contribution was toformulate the problem of epileptogenic lesion detection as an outlier detection problem. The main motivation for this formulation was to avoid the dependence on labelled data and the class imbalance inherent to this detection task. The proposed system builds upon the one class support vector machines (OC-SVM) classifier. OC-SVM was trained using features extracted from MRI scans of healthy control subjects, allowing a voxelwise assessment of the deviation of a test subject pattern from the learned patterns. System performance was evaluated using realistic simulations of challenging detection tasks as well as clinical data of patients with intractable epilepsy. The outlier detection framework was furtherextended to take into account the specificities of neuroimaging data and the detection task at hand. We first proposed a reformulation of the support vector data description (SVDD) method to deal with the presence of uncertain observations in the training data. Second, to handle the multi-parametric nature of neuroimaging data, we proposed an optimal fusion approach for combining multiple base one-class classifiers. Finally, to help with score interpretation, threshold selection and score combination, we proposed to transform the score outputs of the outlier detection algorithm into well calibrated probabilities

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