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Compression Garments Reduce Muscle Movement and Activation during Submaximal Running.

Authors
  • Broatch, James R1, 2
  • Brophy-Williams, Ned2, 3
  • Phillips, Elissa J2
  • O'Bryan, Steven J4
  • Halson, Shona L2, 5
  • Barnes, Shannon1
  • Bishop, David J1, 6
  • 1 Institute for Health and Sport (iHeS), Victoria University, VIC, AUSTRALIA. , (Australia)
  • 2 Australia Institute of Sport, ACT, AUSTRALIA. , (Australia)
  • 3 Physiology Department, New South Wales Institute of Sport, NSW, AUSTRALIA. , (Australia)
  • 4 First Year College, Victoria University, VIC, AUSTRALIA. , (Australia)
  • 5 School of Behavioral and Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, VIC, AUSTRALIA. , (Australia)
  • 6 School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, WA, AUSTRALIA. , (Australia)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Medicine and science in sports and exercise
Publication Date
Mar 01, 2020
Volume
52
Issue
3
Pages
685–695
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1249/MSS.0000000000002182
PMID: 31592978
Source
Medline
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of sports compression tights in reducing muscle movement and activation during running. A total of 27 recreationally active males were recruited across two separate studies. For study 1, 13 participants (mean ± SD = 84.1 ± 9.4 kg, 22 ± 3 yr) completed two 4-min treadmill running bouts (2 min at 12 and 15 km·h) under two conditions: a no-compression control (CON1) and compression (COMP). For study 2, 14 participants (77.8 ± 8.4 kg, 27 ± 5 yr) completed four 9-min treadmill running bouts (3 min at 8, 10, and 12 km·h) under four conditions: a no-compression control (CON2) and three different commercially available compression tights (2XU, Nike, and Under Armor). Using Vicon 3D motion capture technology, lower limb muscle displacement was investigated in both study 1 (thigh and calf) and study 2 (vastus lateralis + medialis [VAS]; lateral + medial gastrocnemius [GAS]). In addition, study 2 investigated the effects of compression on soft tissue vibrations (root-mean-square of resultant acceleration, RMS Ar), muscle activation (iEMG), and running economy (oxygen consumption, V˙O2) during treadmill running. Wearing compression during treadmill running reduced thigh and calf muscle displacement as compared with no compression (both studies), which was evident across all running speeds. Compression also reduced RMS Ar and iEMG during treadmill running, but it had no effect on running economy (study 2). Lower limb compression garments are effective in reducing muscle displacement, soft tissue vibrations, and muscle activation associated with the impact forces experienced during running.

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