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Comprehensive virome analysis reveals the complexity and diversity of the viral spectrum in pediatric patients diagnosed with severe and mild hand foot-and-mouth disease

  • Wang, Chunhua
  • Zhou, Shuaifeng
  • Xue, Wanhua
  • Shen, Liang
  • Huang, Wei
  • Zhang, Yi
  • Li, Xuguang
  • Wang, Junzhi
  • Zhang, Hong
  • Ma, Xuejun
Publication Date
May 01, 2018
Institutional Repository of Institute of Process Engineering, CAS (IPE-IR)
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<p>The management of hand-foot-and-mouth disease(HFMD) epidemic is difficult due to the frequent emergence of non-EV71 and non-CVA16 enteroviruses and some cases testing negative for HFMD-associated causative agents. To clarify the virus spectrum of mild and severe HFMD, a comprehensive virome analysis of 238 samples was performed using next-generation sequencing (NGS). The data revealed total thirteen mammalian- and plant virus families and diverse viral populations including enteroviruses, common respiratory viruses, diarrhea-related viruses, plant viruses and anelloviruses. A total of 18 viruses from 7 virus families were identified in severe cases, versus 37 viruses from 12 virus families in mild cases. Moreover, complicated mixed-infections of enteroviruses with common respiratory viruses were mainly found in severe cases(P = 0.013), while diarrhea related viruses were mainly found in mild cases(P < 0.001). This study provides the preliminary understanding of viromes both in mild and severe cases, which may benefit the detection of etiologic agents and prevention of HFMD.</p>

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