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Comprehensive biomedical applications of low temperature plasmas.

Authors
  • Duarte, Simone1
  • Panariello, Beatriz H D2
  • 1 Department of Cariology, Operative Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]. , (India)
  • 2 Department of Cariology, Operative Dentistry and Dental Public Health, Indiana University School of Dentistry, Indianapolis, IN, USA. Electronic address: [email protected]. , (India)
Type
Published Article
Journal
Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Oct 30, 2020
Volume
693
Pages
108560–108560
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1016/j.abb.2020.108560
PMID: 32857998
Source
Medline
Keywords
Language
English
License
Unknown

Abstract

The main component of plasma medicine is the use of low-temperature plasma (LTP) as a powerful tool for biomedical applications. LTP generates high reactivity at low temperatures and can be activated with noble gases with molecular mixtures or compressed air. LTP reactive species are quickly produced, and are a remarkably good source of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species including singlet oxygen (O2), ozone (O3), hydroxyl radicals (OH), nitrous oxide (NO), and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). Its low gas temperature and highly reactive non-equilibrium chemistry make it appropriate for the alteration of inorganic surfaces and delicate biological systems. Treatment of oral biofilm-related infections, treatment of wounds and skin diseases, assistance in cancer treatment, treatment of viruses' infections (e.g. herpes simplex), and optimization of implants surfaces are included among the extensive plasma medicine applications. Each of these applications will be discussed in this review article. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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