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Comprehensive analysis of SSRs and database construction using all complete gene-coding sequences in major horticultural and representative plants

  • Song, Xiaoming1, 2, 3
  • Yang, Qihang1
  • Bai, Yun1
  • Gong, Ke1
  • Wu, Tong1
  • Yu, Tong1
  • Pei, Qiaoying1
  • Duan, Weike4
  • Huang, Zhinan4
  • Wang, Zhiyuan1
  • Liu, Zhuo1
  • Kang, Xi1
  • Zhao, Wei1
  • Ma, Xiao1
  • 1 North China University of Science and Technology, Tangshan, Hebei, 063210, China , Tangshan (China)
  • 2 University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu, 610054, China , Chengdu (China)
  • 3 University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, NE, 68588, USA , Lincoln (United States)
  • 4 Huaiyin Institute of Technology, Huai’an, 223003, China , Huai’an (China)
Published Article
Horticulture Research
Nature Publishing Group UK
Publication Date
Jun 01, 2021
DOI: 10.1038/s41438-021-00562-7
Springer Nature


Simple sequence repeats (SSRs) are one of the most important genetic markers and widely exist in most species. Here, we identified 249,822 SSRs from 3,951,919 genes in 112 plants. Then, we conducted a comprehensive analysis of these SSRs and constructed a plant SSR database (PSSRD). Interestingly, more SSRs were found in lower plants than in higher plants, showing that lower plants needed to adapt to early extreme environments. Four specific enriched functional terms in the lower plant Chlamydomonas reinhardtii were detected when it was compared with seven other higher plants. In addition, Guanylate_cyc existed in more genes of lower plants than of higher plants. In our PSSRD, we constructed an interactive plotting function in the chart interface, and users can easily view the detailed information of SSRs. All SSR information, including sequences, primers, and annotations, can be downloaded from our database. Moreover, we developed Web SSR Finder and Batch SSR Finder tools, which can be easily used for identifying SSRs. Our database was developed using PHP, HTML, JavaScript, and MySQL, which are freely available at We conducted an analysis of the Myb gene families and flowering genes as two applications of the PSSRD. Further analysis indicated that whole-genome duplication and whole-genome triplication played a major role in the expansion of the Myb gene families. These SSR markers in our database will greatly facilitate comparative genomics and functional genomics studies in the future.

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