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Compound exocytosis and cumulative fusion in eosinophils.

Authors
  • Hafez, Ismail
  • Stolpe, Andreas
  • Lindau, Manfred
Type
Published Article
Journal
The Journal of biological chemistry
Publication Date
Nov 07, 2003
Volume
278
Issue
45
Pages
44921–44928
Identifiers
PMID: 12923203
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Focal release of cytotoxic proteins by eosinophils onto the target surface plays an important role in parasite killing. Degranulation was stimulated by intracellular application of calcium and guanosine 5'-3-O-(thio)triphosphate via the recording patch pipette or via streptolysin-O permeabilization. Exocytotic fusion was monitored by capacitance measurements, whereas release of fluorescent weak bases, which accumulate selectively within eosinophil granules, was followed by fluorescence imaging. Several distinct types of granule fusion events were directly observed by simultaneous capacitance and fluorescence measurements. These are fusion of a single granule with the plasma membrane, intracellular granule-granule fusion, fusion of large compounds of pre-fused granules with the plasma membrane (compound exocytosis), and sequential fusion of granules to granules previously fused to the plasma membrane. Extensive granule-granule fusion was also observed by electron microscopy of permeabilized cells. All these fusion mechanisms contribute to focal release. The coexistence of distinct modes of exocytosis suggests that their regulation may modulate effector functions of eosinophils during helminth infection and allergic response.

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