Affordable Access

Components of major depression examined via the Beck Depression Inventory.

Authors
  • Startup, M1
  • Rees, A
  • Barkham, M
  • 1 Department of Psychology, University College of North Wales, Bangor, UK.
Type
Published Article
Journal
Journal of Affective Disorders
Publisher
Elsevier
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1992
Volume
26
Issue
4
Pages
251–259
Identifiers
PMID: 1479138
Source
Medline
License
Unknown

Abstract

Although more than 20 factor analytic studies have been published on the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), only Steer and co-workers (1987) have used a sample composed exclusively of patients diagnosed with depression. The component structure found in their study of depressed patients differs in important respects from the structure summarised in several reviews. The main aim of the present study was to investigate whether this structure could be confirmed with the BDI responses of an independent sample of 139 patients diagnosed with DSM-III Major Depressive Episode. Three principal components were extracted and rotated to maximum congruence with a target based on the results of Steer et al. (1987). The significance of the fit to this target was then evaluated by rotating the same matrix of loadings to 5000 random permutations of the target. The fit was found to be highly significant, though some possible improvements could be identified ad hoc. An alternative factor structure for the BDI, derived from covariance structure analysis by Tanaka and Huba (1984), was also tested but could not be confirmed.

Report this publication

Statistics

Seen <100 times