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Complete genetic characterization and analysis of isolation of Sin Nombre virus.

  • V E Chizhikov
  • C F Spiropoulou
  • S P Morzunov
  • M C Monroe
  • C J Peters
  • S T Nichol
Publication Date
Dec 01, 1995
  • Biology
  • Medicine


This study reports completion of the genetic characterization of the entire genome of Sin Nombre (SN) virus (NMH10) detected in autopsy tissues from a patient who died of hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS). The large (L) genome segment was found to be 6,562 nucleotides in length and encoded a putative L polymerase that was 2,153 amino acids in length. No evidence of segment reassortment with other well-characterized hantaviruses was obtained. The sequence of the entire S, M, and L genome segments of SN virus (strain NMR11) isolated from a mouse (trapped in the residence of the patient infected with SN virus [NMH10]) by passage two times in Peromyscus maniculatus and then by five passages in E6 Vero cells was determined and compared with that of the virus detected in autopsy tissues. Only 16 nucleotide differences were detected between the virus genomes, and none of these resulted in virus protein amino acid substitutions. Determination of the exact 5'- and 3'-terminal sequences of all genome segments of SN virus and representatives of other serologic groups in the Hantavirus genus, family Bunyaviridae, showed the existence of conserved nucleotide domains that may be involved in important regulatory mechanisms, such as RNA encapsidation, polymerase binding, and control of transcription and replication.

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