Rat hepatocytes were incubated with 14C-labelled hexoses, and the specific radioactivities of glucose 6-phosphate, glucose 1-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate were determined. (1) When suspensions of freshly isolated hepatocytes were incubated with [14C]glucose, the specific radioactivities of glucose 1-phosphate and fructose 6-phosphate were severalfold higher than that of glucose 6-phosphate. The ratios of the specific radioactivities decreased with time of incubation. These relationships were also found when incubations were carried out with primary cultures of rat hepatocytes or with crude homogenates of hepatocytes, but not with isolated nuclei. (2) When cells were incubated with [14C]fructose, the ratios of the specific radioactivities were higher than with [14C]glucose, and also decreased with time. (3) Paired incubations were carried out with a mixture of galactose and fructose, with one or other sugar being labelled with 14C. The specific radioactivity of glucose released into the medium was greater than that of glucose 6-phosphate when fructose was labelled, but not when galactose was labelled. Furthermore, glucose 6-phosphate and glucose in the medium differed with regard to the distribution of 14C between C-1 and C-6. These results are interpreted as evidence that glucose 6-phosphate in hepatocytes does not exist as a homogeneous pool, but that subcompartments exist which are associated with glucose phosphorylation, gluconeogenesis and glycogenolysis.