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Compartment syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation, pneumonia, and acute renal failure due to varicella in a previously healthy child.

Authors
Type
Published Article
Journal
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
1651-1980
Publisher
Informa UK (Taylor & Francis)
Publication Date
Volume
46
Issue
6
Pages
471–474
Identifiers
DOI: 10.3109/00365548.2014.896033
PMID: 24738756
Source
Medline
Keywords
  • Varicella
  • Acute Renal Failure
  • Child
  • Compartment Syndrome
  • Disseminated Intravascular Coagulation
  • Pneumonia

Abstract

Varicella infections are usually considered to be benign. Although very rare, infection of an immunocompetent patient by this virus may result in a severe illness. We describe a case of varicella infection in a previously healthy, immunocompetent 5-y-old boy, complicated with compartment syndrome, disseminated intravascular coagulation (DIC), pneumonia, and acute renal failure. He was treated successfully with aciclovir and intravenous immunoglobulins for the varicella infection, a fasciotomy for compartment syndrome, and fresh frozen plasma for DIC.

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