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Comparison of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) alone and combined with embolisation for the management of cardiofundal varices: a retrospective study

Authors
  • Yu, Jiaze1
  • Wang, Xiaoze2
  • Jiang, Mingshan3
  • Ma, Huaiyuan1
  • Zhou, Zilin4
  • Yang, Li3
  • Li, Xiao1, 5
  • 1 Sichuan University, Institute of Interventional Radiology, West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China , Chengdu (China)
  • 2 Kunming Medical University, Medical Imaging Department, First Affiliated Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming, Yunnan, 650032, China , Kunming (China)
  • 3 Sichuan University, Department of Gastroenterology, West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China , Chengdu (China)
  • 4 Sichuan University, Department of Radiology, West China Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China , Chengdu (China)
  • 5 Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Department of Interventional Therapy, National Cancer Center/Cancer Hospital, 17 Panjiayuan Nanli, Chaoyang District, Beijing, 100021, China , Beijing (China)
Type
Published Article
Journal
European Radiology
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Publication Date
Jul 23, 2018
Volume
29
Issue
2
Pages
699–706
Identifiers
DOI: 10.1007/s00330-018-5645-2
Source
Springer Nature
Keywords
License
Yellow

Abstract

ObjectivesTo assess the efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) with and without adjunctive embolisation in managing cardiofundal varices bleeding.MethodsThe retrospective study comprised 82 patients (54 men; mean age 53.9 years; mean Model of End-stage Liver Disease score 9.3) with cardiofundal varices bleeding who underwent TIPS creation from 2011 to 2015. Variceal rebleeding, the outflow tracts of varices, overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE) and post-procedure varices patency were assessed.ResultsGastrorenal shunt was present in 92.7% of patients (n = 76). Embolisation was performed in 67.1% of patients (n = 55). The 1- and 2-year variceal rebleeding rates in the TIPS combined with embolisation group were significantly lower than those in the TIPS alone group (3.8% and 13.4% vs 13.0% and 28.0%, respectively; p = 0.041). No significant differences between the two groups were found in the cardiofundal varices patency, overt HE or survival (p > 0.05).ConclusionsThe results suggest that TIPS combined with embolisation can reduce the risk of variceal rebleeding for patients with cardiofundal varices.Key Points• TIPS combined with embolisation reduces the risk of rebleeding in treating cardiofundal varices.• TIPS combined with embolisation could not completely occlude cardiofundal varices.• TIPS combined with embolisation could not prevent the development of hepatic encephalopathy.

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