To evaluate the rates of practice, and the associations between different cord management strategies at birth (delayed cord clamping [DCC], umbilical cord milking [UCM], and early cord clamping [ECC]) and mortality or major morbidity, rates of blood transfusion, and peak serum bilirubin in a large national cohort of very preterm infants. We retrospectively studied preterm infants <33 weeks of gestation admitted to the Canadian Neonatal Network between January 2015 and December 2017. Patients who received ECC (<30 seconds), UCM, or DCC (≥30 seconds) were compared. Multiple generalized linear/quantile logistic regression models were used. Of 12 749 admitted infants, 9729 were included; 4916 (50.5%) received ECC, 394 (4.1%) UCM, and 4419 (45.4%) DCC. After adjustment for potential confounders identified between groups in univariate analyses, the odds of mortality or major morbidity were higher in the ECC group when compared with UCM group (aOR, 1.18; 95% CI, 1.03-1.35). Mortality and intraventricular hemorrhage were associated with ECC as compared with DCC (aOR, 1.6 [95% CI, 1.22-2.1] and aOR, 1.29 [95% CI, 1.19-1.41], respectively). The odds of severe intraventricular hemorrhage were higher with UCM compared with DCC (aOR, 1.38; 95% CI, 1.05-1.81). Rates of blood transfusion were higher with ECC compared with UCM and DCC (aOR, 1.67 [95% CI, 1.31-2.14] and aOR, 1.68 [95% CI, 1.35-2.09], respectively), although peak serum bilirubin levels were not significantly different. Both DCC and UCM were associated with better short-term outcomes than ECC; however, the odds of severe intraventricular hemorrhage were higher with UCM compared with DCC. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.