CP-96,345, a quinuclidine, is a potent inhibitor of substance P for the NK1 receptor of bovine brain, but has reduced potency for the corresponding receptor of the rat and mouse, and none for NK2 or NK3 receptors. A related quinuclidine showed similar but lower potency than CP-96,345 for NK1. CP-96,345 was more potent than the spantide I of 1984, D-Arg1,Pro2,Lys3,Pro4,Gln5,Gln6,D-Trp7,Phe8,D-Trp9, Leu10,Leu11,NH2. Our continued designs for antagonists of substance P led to spantide II in 1990 which is: D-NicLys1,Pro2,3-Pal3,Pro4,D-Cl2Phe5,Asn6,D-Trp7 ,Phe8,D-Trp9,Leu10,Nle11-NH2. The pA2 values of spantide II and CP-96,345 for guinea pig taenia coli were 7.6 and 6.8, respectively. The pIC50 values for blockade of tachykinin-mediated neurotransmission in the rabbit iris sphincter were 6.1 and 5.4, respectively. Spantide II was nearly 10 times more potent than CP-96,345 in these two assays.